How to Remember Things: 18 Proven Memory Techniques

How to Remember Things 21 Techniques for Memory Improvement on the Magnetic Memory Method memory improvement blogSo … you want to know how to remember things.

Excellent. You’re in the right place.

The memory techniques I’m about to show you are the most effective strategies you can possibly use.

How do I know?

I used them personally to help me pass my Ph.D. in Humanities at York University, part of which involved dealing with Classical languages and hundreds of details about history and philosophy.

Then, after starting to teach memory techniques, I used these skills to help me learn how to run this blog, my Youtube channel and podcast. I’ve come to master a very complicated set of tasks that I would not be able to handle without proper mnemonics.

As a result of both my scholarly and online accomplishments, I’ve helped thousands of my students memorize information to pass certification tests. I’ve also helped people accomplish all kinds of goals related to language learning and personal projects like memorizing scripture or better understanding philosophical concepts.

Further, I read every book on the topic of memory I can find. I am always looking to improve my own memory skills and learn more about the science of memory.

Now let’s talk about you.

Here’s a simple fact about improving your memory:

People with excellent memories and memory championship winners are not too different from you. They just use a combination of techniques to enable their minds to memorize things.

You might find it hard to remember names, facts, equations, lists, tasks you need to take care of, a new language, and so on.

But if you follow the right techniques, you can remember almost anything you want. The techniques you’ll discover on this page will work for you, no matter how bad you think your memory is.

In this article, I will show you a number of techniques that will help you understand:

  • How to remember what you read
  • How to remember names
  • How to remember lists and things you need to do
  • How to memorize things faster
  • How to remember something you forgot

… and so on.

There are dozens of techniques and memory tricks, but they can be classified into three approaches:

  1. Mnemonics for Memory Improvement
  2. Lifestyle Changes For Memory Improvement
  3. Other Memory Methods for Improvement

Let’s take a look at each. You can read or enjoy this video version of the text by clicking “play” and eliminating all distractions:


How To Remember Things With Mnemonics: 18 Memorization Techniques

Mnemonics are memory techniques that help you to remember things better. They are also the most effective for forming strong long-term memories. Below, you’ll find a few of the most common mnemonic devices.

What are mnemonics?

Mnemonic simply means any kind of technique that helps you remember. Often we use the term specifically to mean the use of mnemonic images and multi-sensory associations, but mnemonics are actually much more broad. That’s why I’ve included so many different approaches in today’s list.

1. Memory Palaces

The Memory Palace is the most powerful mnemonic device ever formulated.

If you are a fan of ‘Sherlock’ – the BBC series, you have seen Sherlock Holmes use his ‘mind palace’ to remember practically everything. This memorization method isn’t just used by fictional detectives. Memory champions swear by the memory palace.

The mnemonic device, also referred to as the ‘Method of Loci’ or ‘Cicero Method’ was developed in Ancient Greece.

How does it work?

Magnetic Memory Method Podcast Memory Palace

The fundamental concept of the Memory Palace Technique is to associate pieces of information that you wish to remember with parts of a location that you are very familiar with. This location can be your home.

This memorization method begins by visualizing yourself walking through your home and remembering every single detail that you can. It’s also a great mental exercise.

However, you necessarily do not need to visualize, and can physically walk through your home too. In fact, the idea of the memory palace is to make use of all your senses – auditory, kinesthetic (touch), and so on.

Associate each item that you wish to remember with a specific object or space in your home. For example, if you are trying to remember a new language, you might want to store all the words related to weather in your wardrobe.

Associating items within your mind with a real physical space helps your brain ‘file’ important things to remember more easily.

Mind Palaces can be used to remember names, faces, languages, lists, academic material, and pretty much anything under the sun. I talk about the Memory Palace in more detail in this article.

2. Spaced Repetition

It’s easier to remember something that you read yesterday than a paragraph you have read a year back. Hermann Ebbinghaus referred to this as the forgetting curve. His research into the psychology of memory observed that we forget most newly acquired information within a few hours or at the most a couple of days.

However, if you reinforce what you learn at regular intervals, it’s easier to retain that piece of information from the long-term storage areas of your brain.

The spaced repetition method is all about practicing remembering at the right time.

Spaced Repetition on the Magnetic Memory Method memory improvement blog

You do that by reinforcing a bit of information in your mind just when you are about to forget it.

A simple way of applying this memory technique is to use flashcards. You can organize your flashcards into three batches depending on how easy it is for you to remember.

If you remember something clearly, test yourself with the same flashcard within ten minutes, but if you do remember, test yourself at a longer interval.

There are several tools out there that claim to be spaced repetition software, but which are actually not. If you wish to try out spaced repetition, the best approach is to make your own flashcards.

3. Use Chunking to Remember

Chunking is the process of clubbing things together into groups.

For instance, you could try remembering your grocery list according to each shelf in the store.

Or when you are learning a new language, learn words that are related by a strong context, such as breakfast food items, winter clothing, and so on.

The human brain naturally tends to look for patterns, and chunking allows the brain to store information in easy-to-remember packets.

Here are 21 more study tips related to chunking, some of which are a bit unconventional.

4. Expression Mnemonics or Acronyms

You have probably come across this method in school. You create an acronym of the different things that you wish to remember.

If you have taken music lessons, you would remember EGBDF (the treble clef) with the acronym, “Every Good Boy Does Fine.”

Another common expression mnemonic you might remember from your school days is HOMES – for the Great Lakes (Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior).

Acronyms are difficult to forget! There are similar Expression Mnemonics which involve rhymes, songs, and so on.

5. Remembering Numbers with The Major System

The Major System is also called the Major Method or is sometimes referred to as Harry Lorayne’s Number Mnemonics.

It works by associating a number with a sound. Like this:

0 = soft c, s or zThe Major System on the Magnetic Memory Method memory improvement blog

1 = d, t

2 = n

3 = m

4 = r

… and so on (see diagram for the full list.)

You use this simple formula by forming words with these numbers. For instance, 22 could be nun (formed by combining n and n). You combine these words to visualize an animated sequence of activities, which makes it difficult for you to forget!

The method can be used to memorize long digits, multiplication tables, phone numbers, number-based passwords, and so on.

6. Using the NAME Acronym to Remember Things

The NAME acronym is a process used to remember names. However, you can use it to remember other things too. This is based on an interesting book I read recently – Boost Your Memory by Darren Bridger.

For those of you who are seriously into memorization and mastering how to remember something you forgot, it’s a worthy read. Even if you’re already well established, I suggest reading it for a quick review of the major principles that support remembering things.


Notice is the first word in the name acronym.

In this case, the author is not only talking about memorizing things like names by noticing the person’s hair, eye color, and other distinct features of the face. He’s also talking about noticing the sound of the name as part of learning to recall things better.

Seriously. Notice how the names you want to remember sound. Even a seemingly pedestrian name like “Bill” becomes quite interesting if you think about it.

How to remember things image of Einstein spray painting retrain your brain on the Magnetic Memory Method memory improvement blog

You can even go so far as to pretend in your mind that you’ve never heard the word before. Just as we want to pay close attention to the sound of the words we are memorizing using the Magnetic Memory Method, when we learn a person’s name, we want to swirl it around a bit.

It’s almost like tasting wine. That’s kind of a weird way to think about learning someone’s name, but I’ve tried it out many times, and it actually does bring an interesting quality to the memorization process.

Ask And You Shall Remember

Ask is the second word in this powerful acronym that teaches you how to remember names or even information for a test.

In the case of names, Bridger is suggesting that we ask for the name to be repeated if we haven’t heard it the first time. When it comes to how to memorize things for a test, it’s really the same process.

For example, I’m sure you’ve had this experience:

You hear someone’s name, but don’t quite catch it. Instead of asking for it to be repeated, you let the name issue drop and hope it will come up again …

But It Never Does!

And so, as Bridger suggests, there’s no shame in asking for a name to be repeated. Likewise when you study: there’s nothing wrong with going back and repeating the information. And then add the act of asking with this quick tip:

If you want to remember things better, start asking people about their names. Like this:

“That’s an interesting name. Where does it come from?”

These are perfect questions to ask a person. Questions like these will not only increase your rapport with the person but also cause you to pay more attention to the name in the first place.

It’s the same thing with any information, and you can always ask questions about any information using this formula:

  • What is interesting about this?
  • Why is it like this?
  • How did it come to be this way?
  • What if it was different?

Remember: a great deal of what memorizing things boils down to is noticing and paying attention to the target material. It also comes down to “rotating” the information in your mind by examining it from different angles.

Mention to Help Remember Things

The author uses the word “mention” for the purposes of his acronym, but usually, tips on memorizing names tell us to repeat the name we’ve just heard.

Memory experts are actually divided on this point. Yes, it helps the name you want to remember to sink into your memory. And yes, it tells the person that you’ve heard their name and that you care about knowing them. But it can still come off as rather corny.

Still, I spend a lot of time in places where the language is not my native tongue and have found repeating the names of people I meet to be an essential habit.

Pronunciations of names vary widely, and there are often subtle sounds that people will gladly correct for you once they’ve heard you mispronounce their name. It’s only polite to make sure you can pronounce a person’s name right.

Plus, pronunciation is one of the weakest points for me. I’m always working on improving it in my own memory improvement journey – largely due to being 80% deaf in my left ear.

Even though it can be a bit corny to repeat the names of people you’ve just met, just do it. Taking that simple step when it comes to recalling things like names is worth it in the end.


Here Bridger finally shows us how to bring it all together.

Envisioning is simple. It’s the part of the mnemonic process where we take the visual characteristics of a face and associate the name of the person with some distinct feature.

To use Bridger’s teaching, which seems pulled straight out of Harry Lorayne, let’s say I meet someone named Jacob and he has rather bird-like features. All I would need to do is imagine him having the face of a Blue Jay and then imagine him puffing on a corncob pipe.

(Jay + Cob = Jacob). Simple stuff.

The only problem is …

I don’t like doing it this way. I find that it makes me look at the person strangely later as I’m going through the recall process. I prefer seeing the images I create either behind the person, on their shoulder or above their head. That way, when recalling their name, I’m not looking all screwy-eyed at them.

The Missing Memory Step

Plus, there’s a missing step.. “Envisioning” is one thing. Having a place to find what you envisioned quite another.

That’s why I’ve had at times dedicated Memory Palaces just for names.

If I meet a person named Jacob and see him as a Blue Jay smoking a corncob pipe. But I don’t want to let the association just float around in the void. I want to Magnetize it somewhere. To do that, I put the Magnetic Imagery in a Memory Palace.

Later, when I want to recall his name, the association will come much faster than it would have otherwise.

Why? Because memory no longer needs to hunt for the association or “envisioned” information. When we associate without placing our associations somewhere, we often have an “uhhhhhhm” moment where we’re searching for the association we know that we’ve created.

Plus, without a Memory Palace, we have no means of performing Recall Rehearsal. We will find the imagery in our Memory Palace later, but still have to reverse-engineer it in order to get the target material.

That’s the key: always locate your material somewhere and then use that Memory Palace to rehearse the information into long-term memory.

Magnetic Memory Method Free Memory Improvement Course


How To Remember Things Through Lifestyle Changes

Your lifestyle and habits have a significant impact on your memory. These are not memory tricks. However, implementing these lifestyle changes will boost your overall ability to remember things.

7. Getting Adequate Sleep will Help you Remember Things

One of the biggest mistakes that students make is trying to study longer hours by skipping on sleep. What they forget is that sleep deprivation affects several cognitive abilities, including memory.Sleep and memory improvement how to remember things like audiobooks on the Magnetic Memory Method memory improvement blog

This should hardly be a surprise. In addition to affecting the mind, lack of sleep is also considered to be a risk factor for heart disease, cancer, diminished immunity, obesity, and several other complications.

Numerous studies have established that sleep helps in the second stage of memory – consolidation.

And there’s no doubt about it:

Sleep helps in recalling facts and information as well as in procedural memory formation – the aspect of memory involved in learning new skills faster (Diekelmann and Born, 2010)

And there’s more to it.

Sleep also contributes to reorganizing memories, by forming stronger connections between different memories. Sleep helps the brain to link newly absorbed information with previously acquired information, which spurs creativity (Diekelmann and Born, 2010)

Other studies have indicated that lack of sleep also makes us remember things incorrectly (Diekelmann 2008). Therefore, for several reasons, getting a good night’s sleep can significantly contribute to memory improvement.

8. Taking Naps will Improve Your Memory

What if you are unable to get adequate sleep? Try taking naps.

David Dinges (University of Pennsylvania) concluded from sleep experiments supported by NASA that naps help in boosting working memory.

Dinges also says that working memory “involves focusing attention on one task while holding other tasks in memory … and is a fundamental ability critical to performing complex work.”  Another study concluded that a nap as short as six minutes can help boost memory (Lahl et al 2008)

9. Foods that Boost Your Memory

When we talk about diet, the conversation is usually about weight loss, improving immunity, or preventing diseases. However, what we eat also has an effect on memory improvement.

There are several foods that are great for memory such as walnuts, green tea, blueberries, fish, whole grains, olive oil, etc. – often referred to as the Mediterranean diet.

Studies have demonstrated that consumption of green tea leads to enhanced activity in the brain’s prefrontal cortex (Schimdt et al 3888). This optimization leads to improved memory and better cognition overall (Feng et al 438).

Fish, walnuts, pumpkin seeds, oysters are all excellent sources of Omega-3s, which lowers the risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s by as much as 47% (Schaefer et al 1545).

Incidentally, the Mediterranean diet is also recommended for preventing cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, etc. Therefore, there are plenty of reasons besides memory improvement to include these foods in your diet!

You should also avoid foods that contain too much saturated fats and trans-fats such as red meat, butter, etc. Foods that cause cholesterol leading to heart attack or stroke also lead to memory impairment.

And it’s not just about food. Teas for memory and herbs that help memory are important considerations too.

10. Exercising Leads to Memory Improvement

Exercising is another great way to improve your memory.

How to remember things is a skill how to remember things like audiobooks on the Magnetic Memory Method memory improvement blog

It’s well known that exercise leads to increased blood flow to the brain, which has several cognitive benefits, such as alertness, better concentration, more positive mood, and so on.

Exercising also improves memory by releasing cathepsin B. It’s a protein that triggers the growth of neurons and forms new connections in the hippocampus, a section of the brain playing a vital role in memory.

Memory improvement necessarily doesn’t require rigorous exercise. Just 150 minutes of walking every week has been known to improve memory.

11. Socializing for Stronger Memories

Australian researchers conducted a study involving 700 participants over 15 years. The researchers concluded that maintaining close relationships helps in improving memory. Other studies have also indicated that socializing helps prevent memory loss through dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.

Since better relationships are also linked to happiness and improvement in a number of health parameters, it’s a great reason to invest more in your current relationships as well as get back in touch with people you haven’t spoken to for years.

12. New Stimulating Hobbies Will Improve Your Memory

Columbia University researchers have found that people having more than six hobbies have a 38% lower chance of developing dementia. Researchers at Berkeley, California also found that people who regularly engage in activities that stimulate their brains avoid the formation of a protein that causes Alzheimer’s.

The key is to pick up new hobbies that force you to expand the capabilities of your mind.

For example, you could:

  • Read a book on a topic that you are completely unfamiliar with
  • Learning a new musical instrument or a new dance form
  • Pick up a new form of exercise,
  • Regularly meet new people

The key here is to engage in activities that lead to the formation of new neurons in the brain as well as new connections between existing neurons. This helps maintain the brain’s cognitive reserve – its ability to avoid memory loss.

13. Learning a New Language Boosts Memory

There are several reasons why learning a new language is great for memory.

Langenscheidt Monolingual German Dictionary

The process of remembering vocabulary, phrases, and grammar rules all exercise your brain cells. Mental exercise like this leads to overall memory improvement. Studies have indicated that bilingual people are at less risk of Alzheimer’s.

You also develop renewed curiosity about everything around you, which helps you to focus more on everyday activities and objects. As I have pointed out earlier, focus is another factor that helps us to remember things better.

Remembering is an essential skill that you have to pick up while learning any new language. When you are actively looking for ways to remember, you pick up lots of memorization techniques – which in turn improve your memory.

It’s a cycle that helps you to keep improving continuously. So why not spend a few minutes every day in brushing up your French or Spanish or pick up a completely new language like Mandarin!

14. Do More Challenging Work

Studies have found that people who do more mentally challenging work are less likely to develop Alzheimer’s. Working on things that are mentally taxing keeps your neurons on their toes and prevents them from deteriorating over time.

If you are in a job you find boring or if changing careers is not an option, developing better memory and a healthier brain is its own reward. You could also ask your boss to give you additional responsibilities every day that place you out of your comfort zone – so that your cognitive abilities stay in peak shape.

15. Positivity Promotes Memory Improvement

A 2012 study indicated that feelings of positivity have a beneficial effect on remembering things in the case of older adults. Positive thinking and happiness are believed to trigger the release of dopamine in the memory-related regions of the brain, which stimulates memory formation and retention.

Serotonin and memory how to remember things like audiobooks on the Magnetic Memory Method memory improvement blog

Try to engage in activities that make you happy. It can be as simple as setting aside 10 minutes a day to revive a hobby that you used to enjoy, such as reading or singing.

Using memory tricks definitely makes me happy, and research by Tim Dalgliesh shows how and why. In “Method-of-Loci as a Mnemonic Device to Facilitate Access to Self-Affirming Personal Memories for Individuals With Depression,” he shows precisely how and why using a memory technique relieves mental anguish and creates more joy.

You can also practice positive visualization or meditation. Both of these activities reduce stress and release dopamine in the brain. Practicing gratitude also makes us happier and helps improve our memories.

16. Meditation for Memory

Meditation is the most effective way of improving the ability of our mind to pay attention to tasks – which is important for improving retention and converting short-term memory into long-term memory.

Studies have demonstrated that practicing meditation improves our ability to focus on smaller details. (Maclean et al. 2010). Other studies have shown that mindfulness meditation works better as a memory technique than yoga.  (Quach et al 2015).

How to improve concentration and memory how to remember things like audiobooks on the Magnetic Memory Method memory improvement blog

Building a habit of meditating every day isn’t too hard.

What if the thought of sitting still for even a couple of minutes is too painful?

Try walking meditation. Lots of people find this approach far easier than the regular sitting meditation approach, and as effective as calming the mind.

17. Story & Linking

A neat way to remember things is to embed the details in a story.

In fact, our ancestors have used stories to link facts for easier recall for decades. The techique is called the story and linking method.

For example, if you have a list of words, instead of trying to memorize them as isolated elements, you chunk them into units. If soap and tomatoes are on your shopping list, imagine soap bubbles flying up into the sky and bursting against potato clouds. If celery and corn are next on the list, have celery stalks raining down on a corn field.

This technique may need a bit of practice, but it’s very effective.

18. Rote Rehearsal

Believe it or not, simply repeating things is a legitimate learning strategy. Sure, rote learning can be boring, but I use it music, to take one example.

One way to make rote rehearsal more fun is to use flashcards with lots of colors and drawings on them. For example, look at this drawing below:

optimized flashcard for learning la chouette in French

When I wanted to learn “C’est chouette” in French (for “it’s cool!”), I made a simple drawing of an owl in shoe. That’s because la chouette in French means owl.

It doesn’t necessarily make sense to the English native speaker, but by looking at the card a few times and using active recall as an additional strategy, it only took a few repetitions to memorize the word.

How Memory Works

By this point, you’re hopefully excited by all the different ways you can improve your memory.

But what about understanding how memory actually works?

As I’ve learned over years of study and recently reviewed in an edX course called Learning and Memory in the Brain: A Guide for Teachers, most of what we know about memory doesn’t come from brain scans. It comes from behavioral psychology studies.

Based on what scientists have discovered through both approaches, we think memory breaks down into conscious and unconscious processes. These are called explicit memory and implicit memory. Here’s a simple way to understand the difference between them:

  • If you repeat a phone number several times, you are consciously focusing on learning it (conscious, explicit memory)
  • When you notice that someone is just like one of their parents, you’re observing habits that person learned at an early age (unconscious, implicit memory)

Other parts of memory have to do with how we perceive information and how we recall it through a process called retrieval.

The most important fact about memory for me comes from a lesson in the edX course I just mentioned: Memory is just as much about understanding as it is about remembering.

A huge part of understanding comes from the size of your working memory. As the edX instructor Ginny Smith put it, having your  working memory optimized is actually more valuable than having a high IQ. In fact, scientists have shown that better working memory is a better explanation for why some children are gifted. And that’s all the more reason to put the techniques we’ve discussed above into action.

Remembering Things Isn’t Hard!

We have covered a wide range of methods that will help you to remember. You don’t need to practice all of them. Just picking up a few of these memorization techniques will make a substantial difference to your memory.

And what if you wanted to learn just one method that will make a huge difference to your memory? I recommend the Memory Palace. Click here to learn more about how to effectively create and use one – fast.

Then create and use more Memory Palaces. It’s good for the health and longevity of your brain!

Further Resources

If you’d like more information on how to remember things, here are some of my favorite articles, both on this blog and around the web:

62 Responses

  1. Thanks a lot for what you are offering. you’ve changed different aspects of our life. I truly appreciate you besides your job.

    1. My pleasure, Mohammad.

      Are you currently doing some memory improvement activities at the moment? Do you have any questions? Let me know if any come up and I’ll answer a.s.a.p.

  2. I am not using any method to memorize right now. I just reading to get familirize with the information. I will like to try different memory methods to see witch one i feel and see will work for me. In life style i fail in sleep habits and socialize

    1. Thanks for checking this out, Maricela, and great that you’re familiarizing yourself with these techniques.

      Dive in as soon as you can with using them. One of the “traps” that people fall into is the activity of learning about the techniques without diving in and learning by doing. Keep the D.O.C. and S.I.P principles of the Magnetic Memory Method in mind:


      Doing is the Origin of Consistency
      Doing is the Origin of Creativity
Doing is the Origin of Courage
      Doing is the Origin of Clarity
      Doing is the Origin of Control


      Study memory techniques
      Implement memory techniques
      Practice memory techniques with information that improves your life

    2. Thank you for this. I just started nursing school last week and I’m 49 yrs old. I am going to try these methods and see what works best for me. There’s so much information to learn in the medical field! Do you have any recommendations for me?

      1. Thanks for reaching out, Elizabeth.

        The number one recommendation I have is to master the fundamentals of mnemonics.

        That means:

        1. The Memory Palace technique

        2. Associative or “Magnetic” Imagery for using in your MPs

        3. Solid Recall Rehearsal for long term memory

        4. The Big 5 (Reading, writing, speaking and listening from Memory for greater consolidation)

        5. Consistency of practice

        Therein lies the magic that will make nursing school so much easier for you. And being part of this community will help too.

        Enjoy and I look forward to hearing from you again soon!

        1. Hello! The only problem I face is earworms, even though I’m not listening to some songs for weeks. But as I have started to improve my mind power even i am beginning to recall some of them from 5+ years ago. So yeah, I need help a bit with that…

  3. It is very useful and super fantastic article. I love it. I was not able to remember facts, history dates, and one word answers. I am doing graduation. This article will always help me lifetime specially in national level examination. I am Indian . And I want to say a great thank you . At this moment , you are really a Santa Claus for me, who fulfil my wish. Thank you so much sir…..!

  4. Impressive tips, I must say. These tips must be practiced by everyone. I am not sure whether I have some illness or what but I do struggle with remembering things. Sometimes I even forget the name of the person I met a day before. I was looking for some helpful tips and found a lot of them. Thanks for sharing this valuable post 🙂

    1. Thanks for checking this out, Oren. I’m glad you found useful tips.

      If you have any feeling whatsoever that an illness might be involved, please do see a doctor. Memory training is tremendously useful in many ways, but it’s good to get any concerns you have checked out.

  5. When revising, or wanting to learn and memorise a new subject, I find it very useful to write down questions about the subject matter instead of lots of notes. Reading and making notes is very passive but asking questions automatically stimulates the brain to active recall. It’s very hard not to answer a question even when you feel lethargic. It’s a stimulus and we can’t help but respond. It also tests your recall. If you can answer the question then you know it by heart. If you can’t then you can go back and just review the things you can’t recall rather than everything. This makes it a time-effective method as well.

    1. Thanks for this important and profound tip, David. Self-testing along the way is great and brings to mind the Feynman Technique. I’ve done some YouTube material on it before and certainly need to get more about it on this site.

      You’re so right that the Q&A process stimulates recall and that it’s doable even when tired. In fact, being tired might even be a benefit in that situation due to a slight dreaminess and tendency towards the fantastic.

      We might also add that people can ask questions while walking, showering and performing all kinds of tasks. An ongoing inner dialog is a great way to continually learn more while bolstering one’s memory.

  6. These are some very helpful tips! I have been looking for ways to improve my memorization. I usually try to repeat things as often as I can, but it is very time-consuming. Thank you for sharing!

  7. Anthony, for spaced repetition for learning something new or technically complex, what is your recommendation for how often to study the material?

    1. Thanks for the question, Christopher.

      Can you let me know more about what the technically complex information is that you’re referring to?

      A lot of people will give you some kind of generic answer, but nuance will probably help best based on an actual example.

      Are you using general memory techniques or specific ones like the Memory Palace technique? If you’re using the Memory Palace, it has a recommended schedule built in (or how to think about review and strategize on your own), if the training you’ve received is any good.

      Look forward to your reply for more details.

  8. Anthony, thanks for the reply.

    The technically complex info I’m referring to can either be Professional IT Certification and software development.

    I’m just learning the details of memory palaces and applying them to learning.

    I thought you were referring to say, study on Monday, don’t study on Tuesday, study on Wednesday, don’t study on Thursday, and study on Friday. Basically you don’t study every day of the week Vs trying to study every day and overworking your brain. It would be like going to the gym every day and not giving your muscles time to rest.

    1. Thanks for the follow-up, Christopher.

      It depends on your level of skill. I would not personally treat this like going to the gym, but you can use interleaving to take pauses.

      When it comes specifically to the Memory Palace technique, one would do well to learn the role of Primacy, Recency and Serial Positioning to ensure that you’re getting adequate exposure. These matters are covered in the free course on this site.

      It’s also recommended that people make Memory Palace Networks, not one MP. It’s very unlikely that anyone will develop solid skills with just one, and even though some competitors talk about “one” Memory Palace, here’s the thing:

      Everyone I’ve interviewed on the Magnetic Memory Method Podcast or talked to off-the-record says that they use heavily segmented MPs. So even if they use the term in the singular, it really breaks down to networks of them in strategic segments.

  9. Anthony,

    Well written article with factual information. Very excited to try some new methods. Thanks for helping myself and others.

    All the best your way,


    1. Thanks, Michael. Great to meet you here and I look forward to hearing which of these methods work best for you.

      Is there a particular kind of info you would like to remember better?

      1. Anthony,

        Hope all is going well during this wild time with you! And kudos to responding and being so engaged with the replies on here! Can tell this is something you love and are passionate about.

        BLUF: To skip my quarantine ramble and get your answer, please just scroll to “your question answer” at the bottom haha!

        Looking forward to seeing which methods work the best for me too ha. I use expression mnemonics & acronyms pretty regularly and they work well. The acronym use definitely came with the military for 10 years, but now I’m I’m enrolled in a personal trainer certification and there is a lot of info. The info there doesn’t scare me too much; I think I’ll manage. However, when I hopefully succeed with this, I’m thinking about an R.D or N.D program and I feel I need new ways to retrieve and store information if I am to be successful in those fields. I work hard, very hard, on all aspects of physical and mental health, but I feel maybe I need to apply some new memory tactics to stop being so down on myself in the cognition area.

        It would be best to employ and practice some of the above-mentioned methods now rather than waiting to later. I just used the chunking method last time I was at the supermarket (even though I had my list on my phone just in case ha), and it worked quite well. I’ve been more aware after the reading of the article of the spaced repetition, makes sense and have been using it with the flashcards for this certification.

        Lifestyle topic, I’ve been all over that for a long time. I’ve beat it to death haha.

        So, to sum it up, I’m very excited to mainly try working on the memory palace, recalling before writing (I sometimes struggle to retain what I read), and working on a new language.

        Your question answer – Info I’m working to remember better is medical terms & lots of health information(took Latin in school so thats helping break words down.) Also, just general stuff I read. I liked the summarizing in the margins tip. Oh an focus, my brain skips everywhere which can be problematic so any tips with focus would be appreciated. I’ve really limited electronics use and it’s helped but I still find my brain just skipping all day (most days). I’m increasing my green tea & matcha and reducing my caffeine to achieve that “calm energy” ha! Anywhooooo.

        Way more information than you probably desired to know, but writing this all out was probably more for me anyway ha!

        All the best your way,


        1. My pleasure, and writing summaries like this itself a great memory and self-development strategy. I wish more people would write at length.

          Eventually, you might like to explore replacing flashcards with the Memory Palace technique. This is where your memory will really start improving. The longer we use external references, the longer we delay the more profound results of letting spatial memory do the “heavy lifting.”

          Meditation is one of the best ways to increase focus. I have a whole book on the topic coming out soon called The Victorious Mind: How to Master Memory, Meditation and Mental Well-Being.

          In the meantime, there are a lot of resources on focus and meditation on this site. Here’s one for improving concentration using meditation.

          Green tea is indeed a nice alternative to coffee. Unfortunately, I have bad reactions to it – otherwise I’d go green tea all the way. Science shows that it has great benefits for memory.

          Thanks and look forward to your next post!

  10. Thanks, Anthony. Great to see these suggestions assembled. By the way, are you familiar with Anki? It’s a spaced repetition App (or via desktop). Very supportive for language learning, amongst other things. Best wishes,


    1. Thanks for checking this one out, Frank.

      I am familiar with Anki and recommend limiting its use to those serious about memory techniques.

      True, it does work for some, but we’re still awaiting a lot of research on how and why some use it correctly and others don’t. We know that without elaborative encoding, the rate of recall is actually very low and there are many problems with self reporting that spaced repetition apps not only enable, but often encourage.

      Thus, if people are going to use them, they are advised to be very careful that they’re using them well and are well versed in the alternative: app free mnemonics and what is called the levels of processing effect: reading, writing, speaking and listening from memory so things are consolidated in memory.

      Your thoughts?

  11. I use it to practise my Spanish vocabulary. I use imagery to help me remember words as I am learning them. Eg I had a colleague with the surname Hill. When I was learning the word for spinning (Hillando) I imagined her spinning around (the -ando suffix I already knew in my long term memory). I entered it into my Anki app and practised the word. Now it’s in my long term memory and although I may still see her spinning around, I don’t need to search for the image to help me recall what it means any more. So, I find Anki helpful to work the vocab into my memory but I use other methods to help me recall the word in the first place. My gut feeling is that the wider repertoire of ‘tools’ we have at our dispoosal the more likey we are to find a suitable one for the job in hand.

    Well, it’s late here so I have to go to bed (as you say, sleep is important). Loving the work you are doing here. You give so much value in these videos and the podcasts. Thank you, again. Frank

    1. You do have a more sophisticated way of doing things.

      You raise another issue with apps, however. I am thinking of it because I can’t find “hillando” as a common form of el hilado. Is it regional?

      I don’t know, but we often find that people borrow or buy vocabulary sources that aren’t correct.

      Memory techniques obviously can’t check, but the Magnetic Memory Method never advises people to memorize vocabulary without also speaking with native speakers, ideally from the regional dialect one wants to learn. Spanish tends to be fairly regular around the world, but there are many local pronunciations and expressions that one might miss or learn well but incorrectly depending on the source material.

  12. Hi. I came across ‘hillando’ while reading Nada by Carmen Laforet. It’s from ‘Hilar.’ Hillando means spinning in the sense of turning around (not, say, spinning yarn).

    I know that Anki provides ready made lists. Like you, I wouldn’t subscribe to them because context is so important. Besides, by creating the lists from my reading I can focus on new vocabulary that I find interesting enough to want to learn.

    On another note, after watching your neurobics video, I worte my journal left-handed last night. My penmanship looks like its from an Elizabethan document!

    Very best wishes,


    1. Interesting and thanks for adding something new to memorize from Spanish. Nada looks very interesting too.

      I could only suggest a split test between writing your own cards and pumping them digitally into an app. I do not know for certain that you’d notice a difference, but I certainly do. Using multiple colors and drawings also creates space for the kind of diffuse thinking that is so essential for memorizing.

      And since you have Elizabethan handwriting, that would be very fine to behold indeed. Developing such script would itself be a form of neurobics! 🙂

  13. Dear Anthony,

    Thank you for your guidance. I am applying your memory techniques in my studies. Its incredible. Most importantly, you are so much care about users questions and answering immediately. As a user, I really appreciated your politeness.

    So the question I was requested to you in YouTube comments is, “How to apply memory techniques in Computer Data structure algorithm subject ?”

    If you suggest some suitable memory techniques then it will be good. I can understand the concepts but steps are really important with some computer syntax. Most of the computer students are struggling especially “Datastructures and algorithm subject”, even many are failing to achieve pass marks.

    1. Thank you. I’ve had a look at the code and removed it because it’s probably not good to have on the site. But I do appreciate taking a look.

      What I still don’t understand is why that has to be memorized? What concept is it going to help a person understand to memorize it all?

      To memorize such code is incredibly simple and can be solved right now:

      1) Create proper Memory Palaces

      2) Develop a Major System

      3) Develop an Alphabet System

      4) Develop a Symbols System

      5) Memorize the code

      But I believe that if people can explain more about what the specific concepts are and why they have to be memorized, it won’t be necessary to memorize that much code.

      I suggest all people learn these techniques and then start practicing with the highest order of information possible so they can start to develop the understanding they seek. There’s no reason to delay and every reason to rest assured that these techniques work. It’s sad that science doesn’t motivate more people because we’ve got the evidence in droves that this works. (As do fitness gyms for physical fitness.)

  14. Thank you sir for giving us such a great article but, please can you help me how to learn anything faster and contain it in my mind for a long time after short revision.

    1. Thanks for stopping by.

      If you want to reduce the amount of revision, the Memory Palace is the best bet. There are many articles on this blog teaching the technique and you’re welcome to register for the free course.

  15. Hello!

    I am intigued by the techniques given in the free course, but before buying the full class i have a few questions about the effectivnes of the mental palace that needs clearing up:

    1. I am studying biology and it is a lot of terminology that i need to use, for instance to memories the parts of the cell. and In my (very elementary) memory palace I only have about 4 ‘places’ to locate information in each room.

    would you recommend that either a) locate each part of the cell in each location in every room? or b) locate an image of the entire cell on one of the locations in 1 room?

    because if i where to locate each part in different places in my palace, my palace woudl be “full” with just the cell? and it is only a minor part of the entier chapter of which i am supposed to memories? if i where to use this technique for the entier book i woudl need at least 100 palaces?

    2 so, how much should i limit to each location in each room, and am i supposed to have multiple palaces at once? in that case recalling all that i am supposed to learn would take hours and hours to do and would seem even more complicated, should i just use a different techniqe for each chapter?

    Thanks, love your energy and passion (got a hold of you when viewing the Theories of Everything podcast)

    1. Thanks for your post and your kind words, Olof. It’s great that you’re asking these questions.

      To your questions:

      When we assign Magnetic Stations, we can use four in a room for four different pieces of information. But if you want to memorize something like a cell, there is a different procedure I would suggest on a modified station. There are some FAQ videos in the MMM Masterclass that relate to this – and if they aren’t clear, I will create another one for the program.

      You definitely don’t have to worry about a room being “full” with just one cell using the procedure I would recommend. However, it sounds like you still have a relatively limited view of what the Memory Palace technique is, and more importantly what it can be. This program would expand your view and give you a much more powerful way to think about projects like these. I would expect that you can get at least 4 full cells per room without any issues – provided your association skills are strong enough. We’ll make sure they are in the program and especially the Exercises page.

      For your second question, the answer has to do with the specific information and your strategy. The limit is relative. In the beginning, you want to start small as you learn the fundamentals. But there are a lot of neat tricks for “compounding” information into space.

      Plus, you’ll have the knowledge of Recall Rehearsal to get the most out of all your efforts.

      Please let me know if you have further questions and I’ll get back to you a.s.a.p.

      In the meantime, thanks for listening to the interview with Curt. He’s great!

  16. Sir I’m a doctor. But I’m not confident to say that I can remember what I read. I hope I can improve.

    1. Thanks, Latakumari.

      Please consider learning the Memory Palace technique. If you use it to commit things that you read to memory, you should see quick improvement.

      This is because the more we remember from what we read, the more we can remember.

      Once you have the foundational skills, you can memorize a lot more, a lot faster.

  17. Hello Anthony, thanks for sharing this detailed information about memorization. I will definitely try out the Memory Palace. Keep up the good work!

  18. Hello everybody, How are you?
    I’m from Brazil and I’m starting these memorization techniques. I haven’t started training yet, but I certainly believe in the method and I congratulate Anthony for making these gems about memory available. Thank you and congratulations Anthony!!!!

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Anthony Metivier is the founder of the Magnetic Memory Method, a systematic, 21st century approach to memorizing foreign language vocabulary, names, music, poetry and more in ways that are easy, elegant, effective and fun.

Dr. Metivier holds a Ph.D. in Humanities from York University and has been featured in Forbes, Viva Magazine, Fluent in 3 Months, Daily Stoic, Learning How to Learn and he has delivered one of the most popular TEDx Talks on memory improvement.

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