Even if the exact path isn’t clear and there might be some wiggly lines involved, this truth matters above all:
You can’t expect success from self-directed study programs without at least forming some kind of destination.
And the truth is, having a clear destination in mind, isn’t always the best policy. Sometimes you have allow for a little wiggle room. If not a lot.
As someone who has been both student and professor, I can help you from both sides of the coin.
I’ve passed multiple exams based on many courses. But I’ve also gone on to learn on my own to learn new skills and research and write multiple books.
To help you out based on solid scientific research and experienced earned from preparing many outlines for my memory goals, let me give you some examples you can model.
And let me do even better than that:
In this post, I’ll show you how to create a learning goal that actually gets you the outcome you want.
Whether that’s learning a language, mastering a musical instrument or becoming an expert in a difficult topic, this is the blog post for you.
How cool is that?
Very cool, as you’re about to see. So let’s dive in.
What Are Learning Goals?
Learning goals are like destinations on a map.
You have never been to the location, but you know that it exists.
The reason you know it exists is either because others have been there, or others have tried to reach the destination.
And this is an important point:
A lot of people think that learning goals must be achievable.
Frankly, I think we have every reason to believe this simply is not true.
For example, must it be achievable that we do all we can to learn about space travel?
We don’t know if it’s actually possible or not, but we’re doing it.
To take a more down-to-earth example, I had no idea whether or not I would be able to understand many topics or learn some of the languages I’ve tackled.
And right now, as part of my current learning cycle, I’m studying physics. It’s really hard to understand, but I take heart from a quote I found early on from one of the most renowned physicists, Richard Feynman:
It is my task to convince you not to turn away [from physics] because you don’t understand it. You see, my students don’t understand it either. That’s because I don’t understand it. Nobody does.
Ultimately, this means that the exact definition of learning goals is exactly what I’ve suggested: It’s a destination. And all you need is an inkling that the destination exists just as Richard Feynman and millions of other people make learning goals based on their intuition that physics and math exist.
Why Is It Important To Set Learning Goals For Improvement?
We need learning goals precisely because without a direction to follow, we wind up getting either nowhere, or someone other than we want to be.
Having goals for our learning also helps us identify others who have attempted and succeeded at similar projects.
It’s not just about goals either. Using mental metaphors based on images of other successful people is very helpful. Nir Eyal makes this point in his book Indistractable.
Carol Dweck says something similar in Mindset: The New Psychology of Success. Only she puts a bit of a twist on it:
We like to think of our champions and idols as superheroes who were born different from us. We don’t like to think of them as relatively ordinary people who made themselves extraordinary.
In other words, to be successful requires a combination of big dreams and thinking practically about how others have completed them. This process is sometimes called “reverse engineering.”
How to Write Learning Goals That Work:
4 Strategies for Writing Successful Learning Goals
When it comes to achieving our dreams, whether it’s learning the law or acing med school, one quote has always stuck with me. I heard it from a “business guru” named Dean Jackson:
All wealth comes from writing.
I’ve always found this to be true, so let’s start with some nuance on that tip.
One: Test Your Goals Through Writing
When it comes to goals, I’ve found that it’s really important to write them down.
But not just once.
To really test that I want to go through something, I ask myself to write out the goal several times over a few days, if not weeks.
Because I’ve found that a goal I’m not willing to write out a few times signals I’m not really interested in completing it.
Plus, writing out a goal several times helps test the “truth” of the goal. Sometimes we just want an outcome for the sake of having it. But we don’t actually need the outcome.
So in the journal, I divide the page into two columns: Want vs. Need. By focusing on what I really need to learn, I wind up having much more free time and enjoyment at the end of the learning goal.
I know this process sounds challenging. But it’s 100% scientific. Angela Duckworth would likely file this kind of exercise under her concept of developing “grit.” I consider it an exercise that helps you establish and maintain mental strength.
Two: Decide Why, Where & When
Once you’ve tested that you really want to learn something, it’s important to keep journaling.
My three questions each morning before I engage in a learning activity always come with:
It’s a simple model that helps build both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.
For example, I’m working on a book and part of my research involves reading Shakespeare to follow-up on someone’s suggestion that the great memory master Giordano Bruno may have influenced Shakespeare’s creation of Hamlet.
Shakespeare’s not exactly light reading, so I remind myself of why I’m doing it. Then I plan where and when I’m going to get the reading done.
This simple metric is useful to go through because it can help you choose times when you have the best possible energy for certain tasks as well.
Three: Give Yourself Space for Focused & Diffuse Modes of Thinking
Here’s one of my favorite learning goals examples:
- Study hermeticism
- Study the memory systems of Bruno and people like Ramon Llull
- Compare with multiple traditions and philosophies
- Compare with contemporary memory science and memory athletes like Ed Cooke
- Write up the findings in a book
If you want to know how to write a learning goal, that’s basically what the framework looks like. I then tested it as described above. As of this moment, the first draft of this book is now done based on my research and learning.
However, due to the enormity of the project, I couldn’t cover it all overnight. So I remembered lessons I learned from Barbara Oakley in her Learning How to Learn book and course. Some of these ideas area also in her excellent book, Mindshift.
Basically, you get very clear about when you’re going to study. But you used spaced repetition to take plenty of breaks.
This shifting between focus and taking time off for “diffuse thinking” allows the brain to form connections, primarily while you’re resting.
Four: Accelerate Everything Using Memory Techniques
Now, you might be thinking… I can learn while resting?
Yes, and it’s an important part of any learning routine, especially when studying tough subjects.
There are many ways memory techniques can help you:
- Mnemonic images make ideas stick faster
- Memory Palaces help you scale the amounts of raw data you can learn
- Spaced repetition speeds up how fast you can establish long term retention
If you’d like more information, please dive into my free memory improvement kit:
It will walk you through a learning plan for mastering your memory.
Crafting The Perfect Learning Goals Outline
Action is perfection when it comes to learning.
If you’re learning a new language, you need to speak and learn from mistakes.
And when you’re learning how to train your memory, you need to practice putting together the perfect routine.
Time management and setting goals also requires practice.
I suggest always keeping in mind the Feynman quote I shared above.
No one quite understands how to do anything perfectly, or what it means to master a study subject.
We need to keep humble and keep moving.
Action reveals and if you start with the journaling and testing process first, you’ll find that exactly how to accomplish your learning goals will tend to reveal itself to you.
So what do you say?
Dive into these suggestions and I can’t wait to hear about how you feel when you accomplish your learning goals with greater ease and efficiency!